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Prescription Medications

Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics.

First-line antibiotics include:

Other antibiotics include:

  • Amoxicillin
  • Erythromycin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Ofloxacin

Azithromycin

This antibiotic is effective with a single dose. If you have liver disease, or kidney disease, this medicine should be use with caution.

Side effects may include:

  • Stomach pain
  • Rash
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Doxycycline

This antibiotic is usually given for seven days. It is just as effective as a single dose of azithromycin. It should not be used in children less than 8 years old or in pregnancy.

Side effects may include:

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sensitivity to sunlight
  • Diarrhea
  • Decreased appetite

Other antibiotics

  • Amoxicillin
  • Erythromycin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Ofloxacin

These antibiotics are usually given for seven days.

Side effects may include:

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Rash
  • Cramping, loss of appetite (Erythromycin)
  • Headache, lightheadedness, insomnia (Levofloxacin, Ofloxacin)
References

Chlamydia. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/default.htm. Updated April 30, 2013. Accessed May 16, 2013.

Chlamydia genital infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated March 13, 2013. Accessed May 16, 2013.

Chlamydia fact sheet. US Department of Health and Human Services Women's Health website. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.gov/. Updated July 8, 2011. Accessed May 16, 2013.

Miller KE. Diagnosis and treatment of chlamydia trachomatis infection. Am Fam Physician. 2006;73:1411-1416.

Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.

Last reviewed May 2013 by Brian Randall, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.