Symptoms of periodontal disease may include:
- Red, swollen, puffy gums
- Tendency for gums to bleed, particularly with tooth brushing and flossing
- Tender, sore gums
- Tooth sensitivity to temperature extremes
- Persistent bad breath (halitosis)
- Pain during chewing
- Significant dental plaque
- Loose teeth
- Shrunken, receding gum line
- Swelling of face and jaw
- Pockets or gaps between the teeth and the gums
- Abscesses, or pockets of infection
- Pus oozing from the gums or between the teeth
Gum disease: what you need to know. American Academy of Periodontology website. Available at:
http://www.perio.org/consumer/gum-disease.htm. Updated May 2008. Accessed April 23, 2009.
Periodontal (gum) disease. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at:
http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/DataStatistics/FindDataByTopic/GumDisease/. Updated December 2008. Accessed April 23, 2009.
Periodontal (gum) diseases. American Dental Association website. Available at:
http://www.ada.org/. Updated March 2005. Accessed April 23, 2009.
Last reviewed September 2013 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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