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Symptoms of infection in pregnancy vary depending on the infection. Infections such as cytomegalovirus (CMV), group B streptococcal disease (GBS), toxoplasmosis, and some sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) may not have any physical symptoms. Or, an infection may cause mild, flu-like symptoms. If you think you have an infection during your pregnancy, it is important to talk to your doctor as soon as possible.

  • Symptoms of parvovirus B19 (fifth disease) may include:
    • Joint pain
    • Tiredness
    • Rash on the face, trunk, arms, and legs
  • Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) may include:
    • Itching around vagina
    • Discharge from vagina
    • Pain during sex
    • Pain in the pelvic area
    • Sores or blisters in the pelvic area
  • Symptoms of chorioamnionitis may include:
    • High temperature
    • Rapid heartbeat (the baby may also have a rapid heartbeat)
    • Sweating
    • A uterus that is tender to the touch
    • A discharge from the vagina that has an unusual smell
  • Symptoms of listeriosis may include:
    • Mild, flu-like symptoms
    • Headaches
    • Muscle aches
    • Fever
    • If listeriosis spreads to the nervous system it can cause stiff neck, disorientation, or convulsions.
  • Symptoms of a urinary tract infection (UTI) may include:
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Discomfort or burning feeling when urinating
    • Sense of incomplete bladder emptying
    • Aching pain over the bladder
    • Blood in the urine
    • Need to urinate frequently
    • If the UTI moves to the kidneys and into the blood stream, it can cause pelvic pain, back pain, vomiting, fever, and early labor.
  • Symptoms of chickenpox infection may include:
    • Fever
    • Itchy rash
    • Weakness
    • Chills
    • Headache

Bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy. American Pregnancy Association website. Available at: http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancycomplications/bacterialvaginosis-2.html. Updated May 2005. Accessed July 29, 2013.

Chorioamnionitis. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: http://www.clevelandclinic.org/health/health-info/docs/3800/3857.asp?index=12309. Accessed July 29, 2013.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and congenital CMV infection. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/cmv/index.html. Updated July 28, 2010. Accessed July 29, 2013.

Group B Strep (GBS). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/groupbstrep/index.html. Updated May 23, 2012. Accessed July 29, 2013.

Listeria and pregnancy. American Pregnancy Association website. Available at: http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancyhealth/listeria.html. Updated June 2011. Accessed July 29, 2013.

Pregnancy and fifth disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/parvovirusB19/pregnancy.html. Updated February 14, 2012. Accessed July 29, 2013.

STDs and pregnancy. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/pregnancy/default.htm. Updated July 10, 2013, Accessed July 29, 2013.

Toxoplasmosis. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/toxoplasmosis.html. Updated January 2011. Accessed July 29, 2013.

Urinary tract infection during pregnancy. American Pregnancy Association website. Available at: http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancycomplications/utiduringpreg.html. Updated April 2006. Accessed July 29, 2013.

Varicella. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated April 13, 2013. Accessed July 29, 2013.

Last reviewed July 2013 by Andrea Chisholm, MD; Brian Randall, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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