| Reasons for Procedure
| Possible Complications
| What to Expect
| Call Your Doctor
Pyeloplasty is a surgery to repair the kidney. Specifically, it repairs a part of the kidney called the renal pelvis. The renal pelvis is a funnel-like structure. It connects the kidney to a tube called the ureter. This tube carries urine to the bladder.
Kidney and Ureter
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Reasons for Procedure
Pyeloplasty is done if a blockage is found at the renal pelvis. This blockage prevents the urine from passing and makes the kidney swell.
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have a pyeloplasty, your doctor will review a list of possible complications which may include:
- Hernia near the surgical site
- Damage to tissues or organs
- Persistent leakage of urine
- Blockage of the ureter
Smoking may increase the risk of complications.
What to Expect
A physical exam will be done before your surgery. Your doctor may also require blood and urine tests.
The bowels will also need to be cleaned. Your diet will be limited to clear liquids the night before. Do not eat or drink on the morning of the surgery.
Talk to your doctor about your medicines. You may be asked to stop taking some medicines up to one week before the procedure, like:
or other anti-inflammatory drugs
Blood thinners, such as
General anesthesia will be given. You will be asleep.
Pyeloplasty may be conducted by open surgery or
laparoscopic surgery. A catheter will be placed to allow urine to drain.
During open surgery, an incision will be made in your side. The renal pelvis will be reconstructed. The blocked section of the ureter will also be removed. The remaining healthy sections of the ureter will be re-attached. The incision in the skin will then be closed with stitches.
Laparoscopic surgery only requires a few small incisions. Special tools will be passed through these incisions to complete the surgery. The repair steps are the same as the open procedure above.
In some surgeries, a temporary tube may be placed in the ureter. This will allow urine to pass while the ureter heals.
Anesthesia will block pain during the surgery. You may have some pain after the surgery. Your doctor will recommend medication to help you manage the pain.
The usual hospital stay is 2-3 days. Your doctor may choose to keep you longer if complications arise. The stay may be shorter if you had a laparoscopic surgery.
You will receive medicine to ease discomfort. You may have some discomfort the first few time you urinate after surgery. It is also common to feel a frequent need to urinate. It will pass.
- If you are sent home with a drain or catheter, it may be removed one week after surgery. If no catheter was used, a follow-up appointment should be scheduled after surgery.
- Ask your doctor about when it is safe to shower, bathe, or soak in water.
- If you are given antibiotics, you need to take the full course. Do not stop early.
Be sure to follow your doctor’s
Call Your Doctor
After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding or any discharge from the incision site
- Nausea and/or vomiting that you cannot control with the medicines you were given after surgery, or which persist for more than two days after discharge from the hospital
- Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given
- Pain, burning, urgency or frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urine
- Difficulty urinating
- Any symptoms like those you had before surgery
In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.
Pyeloplasty FAQ. University of California San Francisco Benioff Children's Hospital website. Available at:
http://www.ucsfbenioffchildrens.org/education/pyeloplasty/index.html. Accessed December 28, 2012.
Pyeloplasty. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at:
http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/pyeloplasty/urology_overview.aspx. Accessed December 28, 2012.
Inagaki T, Rha KH, Ong AM, Kavoussi LR, Jarrett TW. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty: current status.
BJU Int. 2005;95(Suppl 2):102-105.
McAleer IM, Kaplan GW. Renal function before and after pyeloplasty: does it improve?
J Urol. 1999;162(3 Pt 2):1041-1044.
Wash PC, Vaughan ED, Wein AJ, Kavoussi LR, Novick A, Partin AW.
Campbell’s Urology. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2002.
6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/: Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Am J Med.
Last reviewed November 2012 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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