Related Media: Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)
If you cannot control
with lifestyle changes and medicine, and
or other cardiac symptoms persist, your doctor may recommend a revascularization procedure.
is done to help clear and open arteries that have narrowed. A catheter is inserted into the artery in your groin. The catheter, which has a tiny balloon at the tip, is guided into the affected artery using x-ray images, displayed on a television monitor. Once in the artery, the balloon is quickly inflated and deflated to open the narrowed portion of the blood vessel and restore the passage of blood. Then the balloon and catheter are removed. Usually, the doctor will place a mesh "inner tube” or stent in the artery to keep it open. The stent may be coated with a medicine to reduce renarrowing of the artery.
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is open-heart bypass surgery done to help relieve symptoms of heart disease. However, it does not cure heart disease. You still must maintain a healthy lifestyle that includes achieving a healthy weight, eating a low-fat diet, not smoking, and taking medicines.
During this operation, a blood vessel is taken (eg, from the leg or another area of the body) and grafted into a diseased artery, bypassing the blocked area. If more than one area is blocked, a bypass can be done for each area. The blood can then go around the obstruction to supply the heart with enough oxygen-rich blood.
Enhanced external counterpulsation
(EECP) is a noninvasive procedure in which inflatable bags are wrapped around the legs (like a blood pressure cuff around the arm) and inflated and deflated in rhythm with the patient’s heart beat. This treatment may be able to decrease the symptoms of angina and improve oxygen flow.
Cardiac procedures and surgeries.
American Heart Association website. Available at:
http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/PreventionTreatmentofHeartAttack/Cardiac-Procedures-and-Surgeries_UCM_303939_Article.jsp. Accessed August 8, 2012.
What is coronary artery disease?
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at:
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Cad/CAD_WhatIs.html. Updated May 1, 2011. Accessed August 8, 2012.
Last reviewed March 2013 by Michael J. Fucci, DO
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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