FRIDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- Youngsters and teens who
lack social problem-solving skills are more likely to become
bullies, victims or both, while those who also do poorly at school
are even more likely to become bullies, according to a new
The U.S. researchers who reviewed 153 studies from the last 30
years also found that boys bully more than girls.
"A typical bully has trouble resolving problems with others and also has trouble academically. He or she usually has negative attitudes and beliefs about others, feels negatively toward himself [or] herself, comes from a family environment characterized by conflict and poor parenting, perceives school as negative and is negatively influenced by peers," lead author Clayton R. Cook, of Louisiana State University, said in an American Psychological Association news release.
"A typical victim is likely to be aggressive, lack social skills, think negative thoughts, experience difficulties in solving social problems, come from a negative family, school and community environments and be noticeably rejected and isolated by peers," Cook added.
A typical bully-victim (a child or adolescent who bullies and is
bullied) has negative self-attitudes and beliefs, trouble with
social interaction, poor social problem-solving skills, does poorly
in school, is rejected and isolated by peers, and is negatively
influenced by peers with whom he or she interacts, the review
The findings appears in the journal
School Psychology Quarterly.
"We hope this knowledge will help us better understand the conditions under which bullying occurs and the consequences it may have for individuals and the other people in the same settings. Ultimately, we want to develop better prevention and intervention strategies to stop the cycle before it begins," Cook said.
Among other things, Cook recommended simultaneous anti-bullying
intervention with parents, peers and schools. "Behavioral parent
training could be used in the home, while building good peer
relationships and problem-solving skills could be offered in the
schools, along with academic help for those having trouble in this
area," he concluded.
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