(HealthDay News) -- Viruses that cause the common cold or flu
are spread in droplets produced when a person coughs or sneezes, a
process the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention calls
Virus- or bacteria-laden droplets also can spread disease when a
person touches a contaminated surface, then touches their own eyes,
nose or mouth, the agency says.
The CDC offers these suggestions to help prevent the spread of
- Always cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough. Try
to sneeze or cough into a tissue instead of your hands.
- Wash your hands often, and make sure you spend about 20 seconds
washing them. That's about the time it takes to sing "Happy
Birthday" twice, the agency notes.
- Carry a bottle of hand sanitizer or hand-sanitizing wipes to
wash your hands when you're not near a sink.
- Teach children to follow these same practices.
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