TUESDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- An intensive lifestyle
change program helped people with type 2 diabetes lose weight and
keep it off, a new study shows.
The program also led to improved control of blood glucose levels
and reduced risk factors for cardiovascular disease, both of which
are critical in preventing long-term complications caused by
The study included 5,145 overweight or obese people, average age
58.7, with type 2 diabetes. About half were assigned to a lifestyle
intervention that included diet changes and physical activity
designed to achieve a 7 percent weight loss in the first year and
maintain it in subsequent years.
The other participants were assigned to a diabetes education and
support group that held three sessions a year to discuss diet,
exercise and social support.
After four years, the participants in the lifestyle intervention
group had lost an average of 6.2 percent of their body weight,
compared with 0.9 percent for the diabetes support group. The
lifestyle intervention group also had greater improvements in
fitness, blood glucose control, blood pressure and levels of "good"
The study appears in the Sept. 27 issue of the
Archives of Internal Medicine.
"Although the differences between the two groups were greatest initially and decreased over time for several measures, the differences between the two groups averaged across the four years were substantial. [The results] indicate that the intensive lifestyle intervention group spent a considerable time at lower cardiovascular disease risk," the researchers wrote.
The U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney
Diseases has more about
keeping diabetes under control.