MONDAY, Jan. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Hands-on training helps
improve the safety awareness and behavior of workers in highly
hazardous jobs, according to a new study.
Researchers analyzed data on 24,694 workers in 16 countries who
took part in 113 safety training studies conducted since 1971. The
workers' jobs were categorized according to their potential for
severe illness, injury or death.
In jobs where the risk of injury or death was highest, more
engaging training (such as hands-on instruction, behavioral
modeling and simulation) was much more effective in helping workers
learn about safety and perform safely on the job than less engaging
training (such as lectures, films, reading materials and
But the researchers also said that less engaging training can be
just as effective as more engaging training in promoting safety
among workers with less dangerous jobs.
The study appears in the January issue of the
Journal of Applied Psychology.
"The primary psychological mechanism we can offer as an explanation for these results is something called the 'dread factor.' In a more interactive training environment, the trainees are faced more acutely with the possible dangers of their job and they are, in turn, more motivated to learn about such dangers and how to avoid them," lead author Michael Burke, of Tulane University, said in a news release from the American Psychological Association.
Hands-on and other interactive safety training is more expensive
than less engaging training but is worth the investment, concluded
The U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
has more about
workplace safety and health.