(HealthDay News) -- Type 2 diabetes occurs when people can't
properly convert food to energy that the body's cells can use.
Food is broken down into a blood sugar called glucose. Then a
pancreatic hormone called insulin is supposed to convert glucose to
When this process doesn't work correctly, too much glucose
builds up in the blood, and the individual cells become starved for
energy. And over time, high blood glucose can lead to serious
complications, such as heart and kidney disease, stroke or
The National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse mentions these
potential risk factors for type 2 diabetes:
- Being overweight.
- Having a family history of diabetes or cardiovascular
- Having high blood pressure or high cholesterol.
- Having pre-diabetes.
- Being of Asian, African, Pacific Island, American Indian,
Alaskan or Hispanic descent.
- Being 60 or older.
- Having had gestational diabetes while pregnant.
- Exercising fewer than three times per week.
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