THURSDAY, Aug. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Bloodhounds, you've now
got some unusual company: Trained mice were able to detect bird flu
in ducks, according to novel research.
"Based on our results, we believe dogs, as well as mice, could be trained to identify a variety of diseases and health conditions," said Bruce A. Kimball, a U.S. Department of Agriculture scientist who was to present his findings at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society in Boston this week.
Kimball and colleagues at the Monell Chemical Senses Center were
able to train mice to detect infected duck feces in a maze more
than 90 percent of the time when they had the option of heading
toward uninfected feces. The mice were rewarded with water when
they correctly identified the infected samples.
"We envision two broad, real-world applications of our findings," Kimball said in a news release from the ACS. "First, we anticipate use of trained disease-detector dogs to screen feces, soil or other environmental samples to provide us with an early warning about the emergence and spread of flu viruses. Second, we can identify the specific odor molecules that mice are sensing and develop laboratory instruments and in-the-field detectors to detect them."
Bird flu can kill birds, such as chickens, turkeys and ducks. In
rare cases, bird flu has spread to humans, and there has been
concern that transmission to people could spark worldwide
For more about
bird flu, try the CDC.