When C. Charles Burlingame, M.D. came to The Hartford Retreat in 1931 as superintendent, he was taking on what he described as a “stunning challenge.” The Retreat had not fared well in the years surrounding the stock market crash of 1929. The death of hospital superintendent Whitefeld Thompson, M.D. in 1930 had also taken its toll on the spirit of The Retreat.
During his tenure at The Retreat, the medical and nursing staffs were increased and additional personnel were brought in to carry out ambitious programs of patient education. At the same time, an aggressive program was begun to improve the hospital facilities. Within six years, Dr. Burlingame had created a model community where patients could receive the best in psychiatric treatment, while relearning the skills of daily living. But improved facilities and excellence in patient care were only part of Dr. Burlingame’s plan for the hospital; he intended it to become an institution which fostered the exploration of mental illness and the mind through research, and the development of mental health professionals through education.
Although more than 50 years have passed since Dr. Burlingame’s death, his mark is clearly visible on the institution to which he devoted the last 19 years of his life. The Digest of Neurology and Psychiatry
has been published without interruption since 1932, and the Institute staff continue to gather for weekly lectures (Grand Rounds
). The education of nurses has changed in focus, but resident physicians continue to receive training at The Institute, as do social workers, occupational therapists, and psychologists.
Today The Institute of Living is part of Hartford Hospital, serving as its behavioral health division. As we focus our efforts ever more intently on the value which research and education bring to our system of care, The Institute acknowledges its debt to the vision and dedication of Dr. Burlingame. The Burlingame Award was established in 1988 and has been presented annually since in recognition of outstanding leadership and lifetime achievement in psychiatric research and education.
Recipients of the C. Charles Burlingame, M.D. Award
2011 Jeffrey A. Lieberman, M.D.
2010 Professor Sir Michael Rutter, M.D.
2009 David J. Kupfer, M.D.
2008 K. Ranga Rama Krishnan, M.D.
2007 Jerrold F. Rosenbaum, M.D.
2006 Daniel N. Stern, M.D.
2005 Herbert D. Kleber, M.D.
2004 David H. Barlow, Ph.D.
2003 Dilip V. Jeste, M.D.
2002 Charles B. Nemeroff, M.D., Ph.D.
2001 Paul S. Applebaum, M.D.
2000 Lewis L. Judd, M.D.
1999 Nancy C. Andreasen, M.D., Ph.D.
1998 Lissy F. Jarvik, M.D., Ph.D.
1997 Glen Gabbard, M.D.
1996 Charles O’Brien, M.D.
1995 Otto F. Kernberg, M.D.
1994 Maurice J. Martin, M.D.
1993 John C. Nemiah, M.D.
1992 A. John Rush, M.D.
1991 George Vaillant, M.D.
1990 Dennis Cantwell, M.D.
1989 William Carpenter, M.D.
1988 Robert Kellner, M.D.