View an animation comparing traditional hip replacement to
the Birmingham Hip Resurfacing procedure (no audio).
If non-surgical treatments fail to decrease pain and improve mobility, most individuals turn to surgery. Until recently,  the only choice was total hip replacement surgery -- a safe and effective procedure that is performed more than 300,000 a year in the United States.
Now there is a new option available at The Joint Center at Hartford Hospital: Birmingham Hip Resurfacing System.
Total hip replacement requires the removal of the femoral head and the insertion of a hip stem down the shaft of the femur. Hip resurfacing, on the other hand, preserves the femoral head and the femoral neck. During the procedure, your surgeon will only remove a few centimeters of bone around the femoral head, shaping it to fit tightly inside the Birmingham Hip Resurfacing implant.
Dr. Durgesh Nagarkatti will also prepare the acetabulum -- the cavity where the head of the femur meets the pelvis --  for the metal cup that will form the socket portion of the ball-and-socket joint. While the resurfacing component slides over the top of the femoral head like a tooth cap, the acetabular component is pressed into place much like a total hip replacement component would be.
Hip Resurfacing - Before/After
Image above depicts a diseased hip joint. Image above depicts the joint after resurfacing.