A Barium Enema exam is used to detect changes or abnormalities in the colon.
During the exam, liquid barium — and in some cases air — is instilled into the rectum and colon. This is done to improve the quality of the images. This test allows a doctor to examine the colon for: ulcers, narrowed areas (strictures), growths of the lining (polyps), small pouches in the wall (diverticula), cancer and other abnormalities. For the exam to be most accurate, it is important that the colon be thoroughly cleansed.
Before the Procedure
Requires 24 hour prep. Drink clear liquids only (no food) 24 hours prior to exam. Purchase one (1) bottle of Magnesium Citrate, four (4) Dulcolax tablets, one (1) Fleet enema available at any pharmacy.
1 Day (24 hours) before exam:
Take full bottle of Magnesium Citrate at 2 p.m. Drink plenty of clear liquids (no food) such as clear broth, clear juice (e.g. apple), water or Jell-O for the full 24 hours prior to the exam.
Night before exam:
Take two (2) Dulcolax tablets at 10 p.m.
Morning of exam:
Take two (2) Dulcolax tablets and administer Fleet enema when you wake up. Note: If you are or think you may be pregnant, please notify the technologist. If Bowel Obstruction or Ulcerative Colitis is suspected, the referring physician should consult with the radiologist prior to administration of bowel prep.
Special preparations are required depending on the child's age.
For pediatric patients check with the Imaging Center at (860)-545-2861