What is Trauma?
Trauma is a serious injury or shock
to the body. It is caused by a physical force such as violence or an accident. The injury may be complicated by psychiatric, behavioral, and social factors.
It is critical to have an entire team immediately available to provide care to an injured patient 24-hours a day. This teamwork starts at the scene of the injury where a coordinated, statewide pre-hospital medical system rapidly transports the injured patient from the scene to the hospital providing the appropriate level of care according to criteria established in the statewide trauma regulations. Once at the hospital, a complete team of surgeons, emergency physicians and nurses continue the life-saving treatment.
This team approach to care of the injured patient has had a dramatic impact on saving lives.
Minimally Invasive Procedures for Massive Bleeding
Injuries take many forms. The most advanced hospitals can treat injuries with a variety of approaches that involve well-known ones, like surgery, and newer ones where minimally invasive procedures can replace some surgeries.
As a Level 1 Trauma Center, Hartford Hospital has Interventional Radiologists as part of the Trauma Team. They perform procedures such as "embolization" which is a recognized interventional radiology technique that is used to treat trauma patients with massive bleeding.
Click here to see some of the advanced interventional techniques available at Hartford Hospital.
Learn more about trauma
, or search below to learn about other health conditions.
| Reasons for Procedure
| Possible Complications
| What to Expect
| Call Your Doctor
The cervix is the lower portion of the uterus (womb) that is located at the top of the vagina. Cervical cryosurgery is the use of extreme cold to freeze areas of the cervix.
Reasons for Procedure
This procedure is done to destroy and remove abnormal cells of the cervix, particularly precancerous cells.
Cervix with Pre-cancerous Growth
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Complications are rare. But, no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have this procedure, your doctor will review a list of possible complications. These may include:
- Dizziness, fainting, hot flashes (during or right after the procedure)
- Cramping (during the procedure)
- Scarring or narrowing of the cervical opening
Factors that may put you at risk for complications during this procedure include:
What to Expect
You may want to plan for someone to drive you home.
Normally, no medicines are needed for this procedure. However, pain medicines such as
ibuprofen (eg, Advil),
(eg, Aleve), or
(eg, Tylenol) are usually taken. They should be taken about an hour before your appointment. Ask your doctor if this is recommended for you.
You will lie on an exam table with your feet in foot rests, as you would for a pelvic exam. A device called a speculum is inserted into the vagina to hold it open. The cryosurgery probe is inserted into the vagina. Nitrous oxide makes the tip extremely cold. The tip is touched to abnormal areas on the cervix. It is held there for a few minutes. You may feel some cramping. The tip is removed. This allows the tissue to return to its normal temperature over the course of 3-5 minutes. This freezing and thawing cycle may be repeated several times for each abnormal area on the cervix.
You will remain lying down for at least ten minutes after the procedure. Some women may feel dizzy and/or flushed after the procedure.
You will probably feel some cramping during the procedure. Some women also describe a burning sensation.
When you return home after the procedure, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
Follow your doctor's
- Wear a sanitary pad to absorb the watery discharge that normally occurs for several weeks following cryosurgery.
- If needed, take acetaminophen or ibuprofen to treat discomfort for a day or two after the procedure.
- Do not use tampons. Ask your doctor when you can resume sexual relations.
Your doctor will schedule
in the near future.
- Baths and showers are OK.
The abnormal tissue of the cervix should shed and flow out of the body in a watery vaginal discharge over 4-6 weeks. In some cases, more than one cryosurgery session may be scheduled.
Call Your Doctor
After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Abdominal pain
- Vaginal bleeding other than light spotting, especially if it soaks more than one pad per hour
- Any foul-smelling vaginal discharge
- Continued pain or cramping not relieved by over-the-counter pain medicines
In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.
Cryosurgery of the cervix. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 2, 2009. Accessed December 19, 2012.
Gay C, Riehl C, Rmanah R, Desmoulin C, Violane B. Cryotherapy in the management of symptomatic ectopy.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil.
Procedures for Primary Care Physicians. St. Louis, MO: Mosby-Year Book, Inc; 1994.
Sankaranayanan R, Rajkumar R, Esmy P, et al. Effectiveness, safety and acceptability of see-and-treat with cryosurgery by nurses in a cervical screening study in India.
Br J Cancer.
6/2/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/: Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Am J Med.
Last reviewed November 2012 by Andrea Chisholm, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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