What is Trauma?
Trauma is a serious injury or shock
to the body. It is caused by a physical force such as violence or an accident. The injury may be complicated by psychiatric, behavioral, and social factors.
It is critical to have an entire team immediately available to provide care to an injured patient 24-hours a day. This teamwork starts at the scene of the injury where a coordinated, statewide pre-hospital medical system rapidly transports the injured patient from the scene to the hospital providing the appropriate level of care according to criteria established in the statewide trauma regulations. Once at the hospital, a complete team of surgeons, emergency physicians and nurses continue the life-saving treatment.
This team approach to care of the injured patient has had a dramatic impact on saving lives.
Minimally Invasive Procedures for Massive Bleeding
Injuries take many forms. The most advanced hospitals can treat injuries with a variety of approaches that involve well-known ones, like surgery, and newer ones where minimally invasive procedures can replace some surgeries.
As a Level 1 Trauma Center, Hartford Hospital has Interventional Radiologists as part of the Trauma Team. They perform procedures such as "embolization" which is a recognized interventional radiology technique that is used to treat trauma patients with massive bleeding.
Click here to see some of the advanced interventional techniques available at Hartford Hospital.
Learn more about trauma
, or search below to learn about other health conditions.
| Reasons for Test
| Possible Complications
| What to Expect
| Call Your Doctor
Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are a group of breathing tests. They can show how well your lungs are working. PFTs may measure:
- How much air you can blow out
- How much air your lungs can hold at different times
- How hard you are blowing air out
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Reasons for Test
PFTs may be used to diagnose lung conditions or diseases, such as:
These tests may also be done to:
- Measure how much a lung problem is affecting you
Evaluate symptoms such as
coughing, wheezing, and trouble breathing
- Evaluate your lung function before a surgery
- Determine how well a treatment is working
There are no major complications associated with this procedure.
What to Expect
- Review your medicines with your doctor. You may need to stop taking some before testing.
- Do not eat, smoke, or exercise 4-8 hours before testing.
- Wear loose-fitting clothing.
Most tests will require you to breathe into a mouthpiece. The mouthpiece may be attached to a simple handheld device or be part of a larger machine. Examples of devices are a
peak flow meter. You may be asked to breathe in and out in different patterns and speeds. You will rest between tests.
Tell the technician right away if you have breathing problems, pain, or
Peak Flow Meter
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Other tests that may be used in some situations include:
- A brief period of exercise before the test.
- Oxygen saturation test to measure the amount of oxygen in the blood. Can be measured with a small clip on your finger.
- You may be exposed to a specific chemical during the PFT. The test will determine if your breathing changes due to that chemical. This is only done under close and careful supervision.
Rest until you feel able to leave. You may be given medicine if testing has caused wheezing, coughing, and/or difficulty breathing.
The test does not hurt. You may feel symptoms of your lung condition during or immediately following testing.
Your doctor will compare the results of your tests with normal values based on your age, sex, and height. Your doctor will discuss the results with you and decide if further testing or treatment is needed.
Call Your Doctor
After the test, call your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Headaches, nausea, muscle aches, dizziness, or general ill feeling
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Chest pain
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Chu MW. Introduction to pulmonary function.
Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2008;41:387-396.
Crapo RO, Casaburi R, et al. Guidelines for methacholine and exercise challenge testing (1999).
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000;161:309.
Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs). Duke University Health System. DukeHealth.org website. Available at:
http://www.dukehealth.org/cancer/health_library/care_guides/treatment_instructions/pulmonaryfunctiontesting. Accessed November 12, 2010.
Walsh JM. Interpreting pulmonary function test. Loyola University Medical Education Network website. Available at:
http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/MedEd/medicine/pulmonar/fellow/exam2.htm. Accessed October 30, 2006.
Last reviewed October 2012 by Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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