What is Trauma?
Trauma is a serious injury or shock
to the body. It is caused by a physical force such as violence or an accident. The injury may be complicated by psychiatric, behavioral, and social factors.
It is critical to have an entire team immediately available to provide care to an injured patient 24-hours a day. This teamwork starts at the scene of the injury where a coordinated, statewide pre-hospital medical system rapidly transports the injured patient from the scene to the hospital providing the appropriate level of care according to criteria established in the statewide trauma regulations. Once at the hospital, a complete team of surgeons, emergency physicians and nurses continue the life-saving treatment.
This team approach to care of the injured patient has had a dramatic impact on saving lives.
Minimally Invasive Procedures for Massive Bleeding
Injuries take many forms. The most advanced hospitals can treat injuries with a variety of approaches that involve well-known ones, like surgery, and newer ones where minimally invasive procedures can replace some surgeries.
As a Level 1 Trauma Center, Hartford Hospital has Interventional Radiologists as part of the Trauma Team. They perform procedures such as "embolization" which is a recognized interventional radiology technique that is used to treat trauma patients with massive bleeding.
Click here to see some of the advanced interventional techniques available at Hartford Hospital.
Learn more about trauma
, or search below to learn about other health conditions.
What Is Herpes Zoster?
| What Is Herpes Zoster Vaccine?
| Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
| What Are the Risks Associated With the Herpes Zoster Vaccine?
| Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
| What Other Ways Can Shingles Be Prevented Besides Vaccination?
| What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
What Is Herpes Zoster?
Herpes zoster, also known as shingles, is a viral infection. It is caused by the same virus that causes
in children. After a child has recovered from chickenpox, the virus lies inactive in the body. The virus can be activated later in life, typically at age 50 years and older. It returns as shingles.
The virus returns for unknown reasons. Some causes may include stress or a weakened immune system. Typically, it returns one time with only one episode of symptoms. However, more than one episode can occur. It is a common illness in the US.
The virus that causes shingles can be spread to people who have not had chickenpox. These people would get chickenpox, not shingles.
The most common symptoms of shingles include:
- Painful skin that turns into a rash
- A rash of red, painful blisters
- Rash often occurs only on one side of the body
- Blisters that break open, then scab over
- Fever, headache, chills
- Abdominal discomfort
Shingles and its symptoms typically get better over time. Medicine may be given to reduce pain. Antiviral medicines, like
, may be given to help the symptoms go away faster.
Possible complications include long-term nerve pain. Other complications are lesson common, but serious, such as blindness, deafness, paralysis of the face, and death.
What Is Herpes Zoster Vaccine?
This vaccine is a live, weakened form of the chickenpox virus. It is given as a shot under the skin.
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
The vaccine is recommended for adults aged 60 years and older. One dose is typically given.
What Are the Risks Associated With the Herpes Zoster Vaccine?
- Common, minor side effects: local soreness, swelling, or itching
- Less common, moderate side effects: headache
Severe allergic complications:
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
You should not get the vaccine if you:
Have a weakened immune systems due to :
- Have cancer, such as leukemia or lymphoma
Have an allergy to gelatin or
- Have a moderate or severe illness
- Are or may be pregnant
What Other Ways Can Shingles Be Prevented Besides Vaccination?
You cannot get shingles if you have never had chickenpox. However, you may get a severe case of chickenpox. If you had chickenpox, you are at risk for shingles. This is because the virus stays in your body. Getting the vaccine can reduce your risk.
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
Shingles can be passed to others. It causes chickenpox in people who have not had the disease or the vaccine. These people should get the
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
About shingles (herpes zoster). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at:
http://www.cdc.gov/shingles/about/index.html. Updated January 10, 2011. Accessed November 29, 2012.
Shingles vaccine: What you need to know. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-shingles.pdf. Updated October 6, 2009. Accessed November 29, 2012.
Tseng HF, Liu A, Sy L, et al. Safety of zoster vaccine in adults from a large managed care cohort: a vaccine safety datalink study.
J Intern Med.
2011 Oct 25.
Tseng HF, Smith N, Sy LS, Jacobsen SJ. Evaluation of the incidence of herpes
zoster after concomitant administration of zoster vaccine and polysaccharide
Zoster. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 20, 2012. Accessed November 29, 2012.
Last reviewed November 2012 by Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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