What is Trauma?
Trauma is a serious injury or shock
to the body. It is caused by a physical force such as violence or an accident. The injury may be complicated by psychiatric, behavioral, and social factors.
It is critical to have an entire team immediately available to provide care to an injured patient 24-hours a day. This teamwork starts at the scene of the injury where a coordinated, statewide pre-hospital medical system rapidly transports the injured patient from the scene to the hospital providing the appropriate level of care according to criteria established in the statewide trauma regulations. Once at the hospital, a complete team of surgeons, emergency physicians and nurses continue the life-saving treatment.
This team approach to care of the injured patient has had a dramatic impact on saving lives.
Minimally Invasive Procedures for Massive Bleeding
Injuries take many forms. The most advanced hospitals can treat injuries with a variety of approaches that involve well-known ones, like surgery, and newer ones where minimally invasive procedures can replace some surgeries.
As a Level 1 Trauma Center, Hartford Hospital has Interventional Radiologists as part of the Trauma Team. They perform procedures such as "embolization" which is a recognized interventional radiology technique that is used to treat trauma patients with massive bleeding.
Click here to see some of the advanced interventional techniques available at Hartford Hospital.
Learn more about trauma
, or search below to learn about other health conditions.
| Reasons for Test
| Possible Complications
| What to Expect
| Call Your Doctor
A fecal occult blood test (FOBT) is a test to detect the presence of blood in the stool, also known as the feces.
Reasons for Test
An FOBT is used as part of the
It may also used to detect blood in your stool if you are having abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, decreased appetite, or other symptoms.
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Adenomatous Polyp in Colon
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There are no major complications associated with this test.
What to Expect
A positive FOBT does not mean you have cancer. Other things can cause a positive test. Minor stomach bleeding from certain medicines or
or eating certain foods can cause a positive test. To help avoid this, you can try to:
Avoid certain medicines and foods, such as:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
for seven days prior to testing. If you are taking them daily for medical conditions, talk to your doctor before you stop taking them.
- Red meats for three days before testing
- Cantaloupe, uncooked vegetables, blood sausage, and possibly Tabasco sauce for three days before testing
- Wait until your hemorrhoids are not bleeding.
- Avoid having the test during your menstrual period.
- Avoid cleaning your toilet bowl for several days before the test. Chemicals from the cleanser can affect the test.
The test is most often done at home.
When you are ready to have a bowel movement, you will set up the kit according to the instructions. The kit should allow you to collect three samples of stool. Some kits provide a disposable container into which you can pass your bowel movement. Other kits provide you with tissue paper or plastic wrap that you can lay in the toilet to keep your stool sample from sinking into the water.
Using thin wooden sticks provided with the kit, you will pick up a very small sample of stool. You will then smear the sample onto a special card. The card folds over to protect the stool sample.
You will mail or deliver the cards to the clinic or lab. Make sure you have written your name on each card.
The test should only take a few minutes.
If blood is found in your stool, you may be asked to have additional tests. These tests will help to determine the cause of the bleeding. Although cancer may be one cause of blood in the stool, there are many other causes.
Call Your Doctor
After the test, call your doctor if any of the following occur:
- Development of any new symptoms
- Worsening of existing symptoms
In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.
Can colorectal polyps and cancer be found early? Colorectal cancer screening. American Cancer Society website. Available at:
http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_3X_Can_colon_and_rectum_cancer_be_found_early.asp. Updated January 17, 2013. Accessed April 26, 2013.
Guide to diagnostic tests: fecal occult blood test. Harvard Medical School Health Publications website. Available at:
https://www.health.harvard.edu/diagnostic-tests/fecal-occult-blood-test.htm. Accessed on April 26, 2013.
Pignone M, Campbell M, Carr C, et al. Proposed Effects of Dietary and Medication Restrictions during FOBT with guaiac-based tests. Meta-analysis of dietary restriction during fecal occult blood testing.
Effective Clinical Practice. 2001;4:150-156.
Last reviewed April 2013 by Mohei Abouzied, MD; Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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